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ThePoultrySite Quick Disease Guide

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Contents of Quick Disease Guide

Turkey Rhinotracheitis (Adult)


Extracted From:
A Pocket Guide to
Poultry Health
and
Disease
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By Paul McMullin
© 2004
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Introduction

A disease of turkeys caused by the viruses of the Pneumovirus genus, Paramyxoviridae. Morbidity is 10-100% and mortality 1- 30%. Rapid transmission occurs laterally, possibly involving fomites; vertical transmission is uncertain, maternal antibody may protect.

Signs

  • Decreased appetite.
  • Loss of voice.
  • Ocular and nasal discharge.
  • Sudden drop in production that lasts 2-3 weeks.
  • Eggs depigmented and thin-shelled.

Post-mortem lesions

  • Serous rhinitis and tracheitis.

Diagnosis

Signs.
Serology, isolation of ciliostatic agent.

Treatment

Antibiotics are not very effective, control respiratory stressors, chlorinate drinking water.

Prevention

All-in/all-out production, vaccination - live primer followed by inactivated.


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